: :inin Kyiv (EET)

Shapes of a Union: From Ever Closer Union to Flexible Differentiation after Brexit

Farewell, “ever closer union” The logic behind “ever closer union” was gone well before the Brexit referendum. When negotiating a definitive opt-out from the clause, David Cameron revealed how the growing trend towards integration had reached a symbolic limit, regardless of the referendum result. In that European Council of February 2016, it became clear that the Lisbon Treaty had been the last attempt at pursuing the logic of ever deeper integration and that member states were no longer united in the desire for “more Europe”. Ever closer union reached its peak with the euro and the discussions on the …read more

Source: CIDOB

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